Weight & Measure Conversions

Flour, Grains, Leavening

Ingredient Volume Grams
Flour–Bread/All-purpose 1 cup 120
Flour–Rye 1 cup 103
Flour–Pumpernickel 1 cup 106
Flour-00 (Semolina) 1 cup 106
Cornmeal (whole) 1 cup 138
Cornmeal (yellow) 1 cup 156
Cornmeal (coarse/polenta) 1 cup 163
Cornstarch 1 cup 112
Sourdough starter 1 cup ~225-240
Baking powder 1 tsp 4
Baking soda 1 tsp 6
Yeast (active dry) 2.25 tsp 7
Note: .75oz/21g/6.75 tsps instant yeast = 2 oz/57g/4 Tbsp compressed yeast

Sugar & Salt

Ingredient Volume Grams
Sugar–White (granulated) 1 cup 198
Sugar–Brown (light or dark, packed) 1 cup 213
Sugar–Demerara 1 cup 220
Sugar–Raw 1 cup 180
Sugar–Confectioners’ (unsifted) 1 cup 113
Salt (Kosher-Coarse) 1 Tbsp 8
Salt (table) 1 Tbsp 18

Liquids & Fats

Ingredient Volume Grams
Water 1 cup 227
Milk 1 cup 227
Buttermilk 1 cup 227
Butter 1 cup 226
Butter 1 Tbsp 14
Olive oil 1 cup 200

Seeds, Nuts, Fruits

Ingredient Volume Grams
Caraway seeds 1 Tbsp 9
Poppy seeds 1 Tbsp 9
Raisins 1 cup 149
Walnuts (whole) 1 cup 128
Walnuts (chopped) 1 cup 113